Advent I – Br. James Koester

Luke 21:25-31

When I first read these lessons over earlier in the week, my first reaction was: what on earth can I of make of these, they seem all too . . . real, somehow: splitting apart of mountains, refugees, confusion and a sense of timelessness, distress among nations. It’s as if Zechariah and Luke had been reading the Boston Globe this past week (or indeed any week!) and commenting on what they read there.

So what are we to make of these readings? And perhaps just as important a question, what are we to make of the Boston Globe?

Today we begin again the great liturgical cycle that will move us through the year, from Advent, this season of expectancy, to last Sunday of the Church’s year, Christ the King when we look to that end time of fulfillment when Christ will come to reign over all things. Today is a beginning. Even a new beginning, as we gather to wait and watch for the coming of the Lord in the person of the Babe of Bethlehem. Advent is a time when we wait for the coming of God, just as parents wait for the birth of their child. Like them we wait with eager longing, mixed, I sure with fear and dread, as to what this child will mean for them and their lives.

But Advent is not simply a time of waiting for the birth of the child. It is not simply a time for waiting for the beginning of a life. It is also a time when we wait, indeed when we long for the end of human life and the fulfillment of all things. So we wait today, as we do every day, not just for the beginning, but also for the end, not just for the coming of God as saviour, but also as judge and redeemer of all at the end of time.

So Advent is a time of waiting and like any parent waiting for the birth of a child, we do so with eager longing, and a sense of dread, because this child, like every child, will change our lives and demand from us things that we cannot even begin to imagine. We wait too; perhaps with a sense of fear, because we know that this birth, like every birth, will be hard and painful and may even, literally, tear us apart.

Childbirth, at least at one time, was both a life giving, and life threatening event and the birth for which we wait is no different. It will both give us life and threaten the life that we have come to know, for by it we experience both our beginning and our end. We see in it both manger and cross. We know from it both salvation and judgment. We find in it both the beginning of all things in the birth of the child of Bethlehem and the end of all things in Christ the judge of all.

So Advent is about hope and dread, longing and fear, salvation and judgment, our beginning and our end. It is about the one who “for us and for our salvation . . . came down from heaven: by the power of the Holy Spirit … became incarnate from the Virgin Mary, and was made man” and the one who “will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and [whose] kingdom will have no end.”

So what then are we to make of these lessons? Are Zechariah and Jesus (or at least Luke) making some sort of prediction about the future? Are they in one sense, prophets telling us what is going to happen? Or, are they prophets in another sense, helping us make meaning out of what is happening?

Many of us are familiar with that school of biblical prophecy that makes predications about the future, telling us what will happen. Some will remember being swept up in the 1970’s (and here I confess I was) by Hal Lindsay and his best selling book The Late Great Planet Earth in which he predicted, not the collapse of the Soviet Union but its world domination and role in the rise of the anti-Christ.

But something else is happening here this morning. The lessons are telling us not so much what will happen as they are trying to make meaning out of what is happening.

“On that day” Zechariah tells us, and we must ask “what day?” What “day” is Zechariah talking about? Zechariah is pointing us to no other day than the “day of the Lord” when God’s kingdom will be established here on earth, when God’s kingdom will come “on earth as in heaven”, when all creation will groan with birth pangs at the birth of the kingdom of God just as a mother groans in the midst of her labour.

And that is my image of Advent. It is a time of labour when all creation groans with Mary as she gives birth to the Christ child and creation gives birth to the reign of God. And it is labour pangs, not chaos or destruction that we read about in today’s lessons. It is labour pangs that cause people to “faint from fear and foreboding of what is coming”. It is labour pangs that shake the powers of heaven. It is labour pangs that cause signs in the sun, the moon and the stars. It is labour pangs that confuse the nations by the roaring of the sea and waves.

Jesus and Zechariah speak not so much about natural destruction as they do natural phenomenon. Childbirth is a painful process, but it is a natural. Can the birthing of something so great as the kingdom of God be any less painful or natural? The labour pangs which accompany childbirth are no less sudden, sharp, and evident, as those which accompany the birth of the kingdom. Just as a mother watches and waits with longing and expectation, and perhaps some fear, for her time to draw near, so too do we who watch and wait for the birth of the kingdom. We do so with equal longing, expectation and even fear.

For a woman, the signs of childbirth can be read in her body. For us, the signs of the birthing of the kingdom of God are read in scripture, and even the Boston Globe.

You only have to read the Boston Globe to know that we live in a painful time, just as did Zechariah and Jesus and Luke before us. But this time, like their time and indeed all time, is not lost time. It is God’s time. It is kairos time. It is God’s time. It is the appointed time.

Look at the fig tree, Jesus tells us, and we will know the appointed time when summer has come. Look at a woman and we will know the appointed time when her child’s birth has come. Look at the world and see that God’s time is being fulfilled and the kingdom of God is breaking in upon us.

Just as in the early days of spring when we strain our eyes to see trees breaking into bud, and a woman longs for the signs of childbirth, so to do we stand up and raise our heads and stretch out our hands eagerly straining forward into the kingdom that is being born around us.

Now is the time, Jesus tells us. The kingdom of God is not only coming one day or someday, it is breaking in on us now, here, today. And the news of the birth of that kingdom is filling our newspapers and saturating the airwaves. Look, says Jesus, the kingdom of God has come.

Like any birth, this time, this kairos time, this appointed time, this day of the Lord, is a painful time, and so the world, like Mary is groaning in labour pangs as she and we give birth to our saviour, redeemer and judge.

Childbirth is a messy, painful, even a scary and dangerous process. It is this process we begin once again as we enter Advent, as we look forward both to the birth of Jesus as the babe of Bethlehem at Christmas and also to the birthing of the kingdom of God as it breaks in around, and upon and in us. Like Mary we know the time for this birth is approaching because all creation is groaning in labour pangs. We just need to read the Bible and the Boston Globe to know that now is the time.

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  1. Susan Zimmerman on December 5, 2018 at 18:15

    …juxtaposed to Kairos, what do you think about this? …”one that finds/saves their life shall loose it and the one who loses their life for my sake shall find it

    Matthew 10:39 & Matthew 16:25

  2. Rhode on December 5, 2018 at 09:53

    It is Advent 2018 and this earth has been going down since we were “tossed” from the “garden”. Pockets of beauty and peace surrounded by death and destruction. Yup, this is us. Yet, God gave life laws through Moses. Grace over sin & death through Jesus. SUPREME gifts of EXTREME love to an ungrateful, unwilling world. That Jesus is coming back as our physical Hero, Savior, Warrior, Bridegroom, Judge is a terror and hope mixed visual. As I do long for Evil to be removed once and for all. Though When, is not as important as NOW. His presence as Love and Spirit is here now, in our hearts and at every communion remembrance. Much like when I am separated from my husband for a long time – he is still with me. Meanwhile I have work. I can help – I have a lamp to keep filled, people to love, feed and comfort.

  3. David Hollingsworth on December 14, 2013 at 14:33

    It’s good to read these comments about Advent, end of the Church year and the like. When the historical birth of Christ took place is not that important. Scholars say it was NOT in December but no matter. The early Church could not stamp out all pagan practices and where they couldn’t do that, they worked them into the Church framework. Christmas as we know it is one of them. This the time of Winter Solstice and lots of lively celebrations to get thru the unpleasantness of winter. OK fine, but as said let’s not forget the real significance and how it effects us.
    By the way, I don’t live in Boston and don’t read the Boston Globe. What’s the connection?

  4. Anders on December 14, 2013 at 08:20

    Prophesy and pregnancy: thank you for bringing these seemingly unrelated phenomena together. As men, we can never understand pregnancy first hand, and the concept of prophesy seems to be of an other age. But pregnancy is not just something leading to childbirth, it is a state of being and becoming shared by all in thought and wonder. How do we respond and adapt to the becoming around us, even that out of our control?
    The two pregnancies I shared in marriage joyously birthed my two healthy boys, but my wife changed forever to serve me with divorce papers, a cataclysmic experience. Five years later I recognize my responsibility in the failure of the marriage, a clash in values which weren’t as shared as either partner realized. What do I really do with my values, then, if they didn’t lead me to American suburban heaven on earth? They have become my pregnancy, my kairos time, my prophesy and truth telling or revealing about the present time. A good time, our garden of Eden, year of the Lord, heaven and end of time, for it is all that we really have.

  5. Bob on December 14, 2013 at 07:55

    Even in Advent we know the birthing is to a judgement of love (Br.Curtis) and redemption which bears us through it.

    This begs a sexist comment. I wish men would leave the ‘birthing’ stuff alone. The huge rush of ‘love’ for the child which is so intricately bound up with this process for many women can’t really be separated from birthing. One does not remember the pain only the joy. Love what you write today in 2013 about creation. Sorry but this lacks conviction and sounds a bit voyeuristic to me!

  6. sarah smith on June 19, 2013 at 15:56

    Your connection of of childbirth- Mary’s birth of the Christ – is a good one-
    and can be connected to a lot of birthing- it is good to be reminded of that- thank you…

  7. DLa Rue on June 19, 2013 at 06:46

    I may have said this somewhere before, but the emphasis on prophecy as being about the present is a helpful one. During Wm. Murray Kenney’s 20-year ministry at Christ Church, Cambridge, this was a theme he often mentioned in sermons, saying “Prophecy isn’t fortune-telling, it’s not telling the truth about the future, it’s telling the truth about the present.” (I believe he was quoting one of his instructors at the Virginia Theological Seminary in that, but I don’t know who it was).

    The imagery of the Nativity as a terrifying event, not a sweet, kitchy-koo Hallmark moment is perhaps most clearly drawn in this painting by Botticelli, who was at the time under the influence of Savonarola’s preaching:

    Traditional in form (its 5 registers echoing very early illumination practices and its emphasis on linearity and vertical perspective hearkening back towards the Gothic, amidst Renaissance interests in volume, form, and illusory space) it cites the Revelations 12 view of Jesus’ birth as a cataclysmic event in which earthquakes would rupture the earth and the prophets of old return.

  8. Dolores F Wiens+ on November 27, 2011 at 10:46

    If all of creation was groaning in 2003 as evidenced in Scripture and The Boston Globe, how much more in Advent 2011?!

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